August 23, 2011  |  Cytobank, Education, Flow Cytometry

Future Proofing Your Experiments and Files: The Importance of Annotation

Ever find yourself staring at a folder of FCS files and thinking, “Wait, now which tubes did I add PMA to, how much did I add, and which samples were these again?”

Jonathan from Cytobank/Stanford recommends what he calls “future proofing” in order to avoid this problem. He explained this approach during a CYTO 2011 Pre-Congress course in his talk titled “Flood Cytometry: Embracing Single Cell Systems Biology (and coping with large cytometry experiments).” In that talk, he outlined four easy steps that are useful for experiments of all sizes.

When collecting on the cytometer:

  1. Tag your FCS files with key experiment details (e.g. “Patient-J01 IL-2 15m”)
  2. Label the channels you are measuring (before collecting data)
  3. Make sure scales and compensations work (before collecting data)
  4. Encode clinical sample IDs (don’t use HIPAA sensitive information)
Click the image to download as a PPT slide

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April 9, 2011  |  Cytobank, Education, Flow Cytometry

Teaching Phospho-Flow… in France

Dataset #5002: Timecourse LACI 2011

This January, Jonathan and Chris from Cytobank traveled to Marseilles, France to help lead a course as part of the Luminy Advanced Course in Immunology (LACI). LACI is organized as a satellite meeting to the Immunology and Metabolism meeting and organized by the Centre d’Immunlogie de Marseille-Luminy (CIML) and the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO).

The ‘Cell Signaling’ course at LACI was taught by local instructors Nathalie Auphan-Anezin and Pierre Grenot, both of CIML, and Jonathan and Chris. The course led course participants through staining, collection, upload, and analysis of a phospho-flow experiment. We’ve briefly described the experiment here, made a version of the dataset public along with the original course protocol, and prepared a tutorial (part 1 and part 2) to lead you through Cytobank analysis of the course data.

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February 25, 2011  |  Cytobank, Education, Flow Cytometry

Immunophenotyping Tumor-Infiltrating T cells

Dataset #4659: Testing Set – T Cell Immunophenotype (trimmed)

Quantifying the percentage of cells expressing a protein of interest is a frequent goal in both basic research and clinical studies. Paired with per-cell comparisons of the level of protein expression, this approach provides a powerful way to track and immunophenotype populations of cells present in a particular sample.

One widely recognized application of flow cytometric immunophenotyping is determining the percentage of CD4+ cells in a gated lymphocyte population in order to determine prognosis for an HIV patient. Other applications include measuring a series of markers in order to distinguish between different forms of leukemia.

In Cytobank, you can use the “percent in gate” statistic to measure and display the percentage of cells in a selected gate as compared to each active population in your figure. To illustrate with a simple example, let’s examine a sample dataset looking at the percentage of CD25+ cells in a CD3+ T cell population.

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December 14, 2010  |  Cytobank, Education, Flow Cytometry

Biochemistry at the Single Cell Level

Dataset #811: 090902-PBMC stim with IL6, IL10, LPS (Public Version)

Western blots are great. That is, unless you’re studying signal transduction in a mixed population of primary cells. The amount of material necessary for many biochemical techniques is usually not practical when working with patient samples or rare cell populations.

Flow cytometry to the rescue! Phospho-flow tracks biochemistry at the single cell level. Simultaneous assessment of cell surface markers and signaling events for individual cells enable biologists to profile disease samples or monitor the effects of drugs in clinical samples. More »